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What is The Role of Mammography in the Early Detection of Breast Cancer?

21st August, 2023

Are you searching for the top cancer hospitals in Kolkata to detect early-stage of breast cancer? You will get plenty of lists of cancer hospitals situated in Kolkata with great reviews. Are those reviews 100% genuine? Before choosing any of these hospitals, one should better understand the requirements.

What is a Mammogram? 

Mammography is used to detect breast problems like lumps, discharges, and pain. Mammogram is an X-ray picture of the breast. It detects breast cancers, benign tumors, and cysts. This is known as a diagnostic mammogram. According to doctors, a mammogram is the best test to find the early signs of breast cancer.

Mammography doesn’t prove that an area in the breast is cancerous. It suspects cancer and the abnormal area or tissue is removed for biopsy. At this time, tissue may be removed by a needle and examined to presence of cancerous cells.

Breast cancer is one of the most common cancers that affect almost 12% of women globally and in India; it affects approximately 10% of women, making it a significant health concern in the country.

Regular screening mammogram helps in reducing the number of deaths from breast cancer.

But there are a few risk factors involved with screening mammograms. Sometimes findings are abnormal but may not be cancer. The regular screening mammogram is basically for those women aged between 40-74 who are exposed to radiation.

What are the different types of mammograms? 

Generally, there are two main types of mammograms:

1. Digital mammography in 2D

2. Digital mammography in 3D

Digital mammography has introduced and replaced film mammography (analog mammography).

Digital and conventional mammography both uses X-rays. Digital mammography provides an electronic image that can be stored as a computer file. Conventional mammography is stored in a film and it is now outdated.

Difference between a screening mammogram and a diagnostic mammogram:

A screening mammogram is a routine mammogram. It detects the signs of cancer before anyone is found any symptoms. A routine mammogram includes at least 2 images of each breast taken from different angles (generally top to bottom and from side to side).

What is the process of a mammogram?

A healthcare provider who is a practiced radiologist can perform a mammogram. They are trained in performing mammograms efficiently. You will find experienced radiologists in popular breast cancer hospitals in Kolkata.

Is there any restriction before doing a mammogram?

Yes! There are a few factors to keep in mind while scheduling your mammogram:

Women who are breastfeeding, pregnant, or may suspect pregnancy, then you need to consult with your doctor.

If someone experiences menstruation try not to schedule your mammogram the week before getting a period during this time.

Follow these guidelines for the day of the mammogram:

1. Following a normal routine- sleeping, eating healthy, and taking medicines.

2. Don’t use perfume, body lotion, deodorant, or powder.

3. Wearing a top is comfortable for a mammogram.

Does a mammogram hurt?

No, a mammogram doesn’t hurt but it may be uncomfortable due to the pressure on the breast from the compression. So, for some women, it can be painful. But it is a short procedure and the pain doesn’t last long. It usually takes 15-20 minutes in cancer hospitals in Kolkata.

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