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Cancer Hospitals In Kolkata - What Are The Common Types Of Cancer

What Are The Common Types Of Cancer

6th January, 2023

Cancer refers to a set of disorders that have a single cause: the transformation of normally functioning cells into malignant cells that then proliferate and spread throughout the body. Cancer is being cured, and patients with cancer are living longer as a result of early identification and improved treatment options. At the same time, experts in the cancer hospitals in kolkata are looking for distinct risk factors that are associated to the development of cancer in order to assist in preventing individuals from having cancer.

Cancer develops when one or more genes undergo mutations that cause them to produce cells that are malignant. These cells form clusters of malignancy, sometimes known as tumours. It is possible for cancerous cells to break away from tumours and then migrate to other parts of the body through the lymphatic system or the circulation. This condition is referred to as metastasis by medical professionals at cancer hospitals in kolkata. 

Cancer is a very difficult illness to treat. Cancer may exist in a person's body for years before any symptoms appear. At other instances, cancer might create visible symptoms that rapidly worsen as the disease progresses. Many of the symptoms of cancer are similar to those of other, less severe disorders. Even if you have specific symptoms, this does not always imply you have cancer. In general, you should see a specialist at cancer hospitals in kolkata if there is a change in your body that lasts for more than two weeks. This recommendation applies to both acute and chronic changes.

Breast Cancer

In the disorder known as breast cancer, the cells in the breast begin to develop in an uncontrolled manner. There are several subtypes of breast cancer to be aware of. The kind of breast cancer that a woman has is determined by which cells in her breast become cancerous. To get diagoned in the earliest stages, visit cancer hospitals in kolkata. Cancer of the breast may originate in a variety of locations inside the breast. There are three primary components that make up a breast: the lobules, the ducts, and the connective tissue. The lobules contain the glands that are responsible for milk production. The milk is transported to the nipple through tubes known as ducts. Everything is surrounded by connective tissue, which is made up of both fibrous and fatty tissue, and it is what keeps everything together. The majority of breast cancers start in the ducts or lobules of the breast. Blood arteries and lymph vessels are two potential pathways by which breast cancer might spread outside the breast. Metastasis is the term used to describe the process by which breast cancer spreads to different areas of the body.

Lung Cancer

Cancer is a condition in which cells in the body develop in an uncontrolled manner, hence the illness's name. Lung cancer is the name given to cancer that first develops in the lungs. The lungs are the first site of progression for lung cancer, which may then migrate to the lymph nodes or to other organs in the body, including the brain. It is possible for cancer to spread to the lungs from other organs in the body. If you are having acute respiratory problems, you must vist cancer hospitals in kolkata as soon as possible. Small cell and non-small cell lung cancers are the two primary categories that are used to classify the disease (including adenocarcinoma and squamous cell carcinoma). These subtypes of lung cancer develop in distinct ways and respond to treatment in distinctive ways. Cancer of non-small lung cells is far more prevalent than cancer of tiny lung cells.

Prostrate cancer

When cells in the prostate gland start growing out of control, this is the first step toward developing prostate cancer. Men are the only ones who have a gland called the prostate. It is responsible for the production of some of the fluid that is found in the sperm. Below the bladder, which is the hollow organ that stores urine, and in front of the rectum, where the prostate gland is located (the last part of the intestines). Seminal vesicles are glands that are located just below the prostate and are responsible for producing the majority of the fluid that makes up semen. Although the majority of prostate tumours progress slowly, some of them develop and spread quite fast. In point of fact, investigations conducted on autopsies have shown that a significant number of older men (and even some younger men) who passed away due to other reasons also had prostate cancer that did not manifest itself in any way throughout their lifetimes. In many instances, neither the patients nor their physicians were even aware that they had the condition. Thus, you must consult cancer hospitals in kolkata if you have any doubts.

Colon cancer

The large intestine is the site of origin for the kind of cancer known as colon cancer (colon). The colon is the last and most posterior section of the digestive system. Although it may strike anyone of any age, colon cancer is most often seen in those in their later years. Polyps, which are little clusters of cells that are not malignant and are known to occur on the inside of the colon, are often where it all starts. Colon cancer may develop in some of these polyps if they are allowed to progress over time. There is a possibility that polyps may be very tiny and will cause little or no symptoms. Regular screening tests at cancer hospitals in kolkata are recommended by medical professionals as a means of reducing the risk of developing colon cancer by locating polyps and eliminating them before they develop into cancerous tumors.


The purpose of therapy for cancer is to eliminate the presence of the disease completely, therefore restoring the patient to a normal life expectancy. Depending on the particulars of your circumstance, this may or may not be feasible for you. In the event that a cure cannot be achieved, the therapies that you undergo at cancer hospitals in kolkata may be aimed at reducing the size of your cancer or slowing its progression in order to provide you the greatest amount of time feasible free of the symptoms of your illness.

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