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Best Gastroenterology Hospital In Kolkata - What Are Some Of The Most Common Gastrointestinal Problems

What Are Some Of The Most Common Gastrointestinal Problems

6th January, 2023

Sometimes "tummy discomfort" is a severe condition. According to the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases, between sixty and seventy million individuals suffer from digestive disorders, resulting in around two hundred and fifty thousand deaths annually. According to the NDDK, these illnesses account for around 50 million hospital visits and 21,7 million hospital hospitalizations yearly. In case of any issues, it is advised to visit the best gastroenterology hospital in kolkata. 

  1. Celiac disease

Celiac disease is a complex gastrointestinal condition. This is a fancy way of expressing that it has a hereditary base but is activated by environmental variables. Celiac disease is characterized by an immunological response to gluten, a protein present in barley, rye, wheat, and their hybrids. When a person with celiac disease eats gluten, it induces an immune response that kills villi, which are tiny hair-like projections on the small intestinal mucosa.

The small intestine is unable to absorb nutrition, vitamins, and minerals from meals when the villi are damaged. This leads in malnutrition and may lead to a variety of major health issues, including infertility, irreversible damage to the small intestine, and even intestinal lymphoma, the "big C." That’s why celiac disease, and getting properly diagnosed at the best gastroenterology hospital in kolkata is so important. 

  1. Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS)

Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) is also known as anxious stomach, irritable colon, mucous colitis, and spastic colon. IBS is a collection of gastrointestinal disorders characterized by recurrent stomach discomfort, bloating, and cramping accompanied by either diarrhea or constipation. This happens in the absence of any underlying inflammatory, chemical, or structural abnormalities and is caused by a number of reasons, including irritable gut bacteria.

  1. Lactose Intolerance

Lactose intolerance is a condition in which a person is unable to completely digest lactose, a simple carbohydrate found in the milk of all animals and its derivatives. Low levels of lactase, the enzyme responsible for digesting lactose, contribute to this condition. Lactose intolerance is a very common condition and you should visit the best gastroenterology hospital in kolkata to consult a specialist.

  1. Chronic Diarrhea

Chronic diarrhea is a gastrointestinal disorder characterized by more than four weeks of watery, mushy, or loose feces. A high daily sugar consumption, being overweight, feeling sad, advancing age, and being female seem to be risk factors for this illness.

  1. Constipation

Constipation is a digestive disorder characterized by less frequent bowel motions that are difficult, dry, and often uncomfortable (generally fewer than three bowel movements a week).

  1. Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD)

To be diagnosed with gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), acid reflux symptoms must occur at least twice per week. Acid reflux or heartburn happens when stomach acids and contents back up into the esophagus, producing chest discomfort and a burning feeling. Occasionally, this disease is also known as acid regurgitation. Since this condition can get very serious, it is advised to visit the best gastroenterology hospital in kolkata. 

  1. Peptic Ulcer Disease

Peptic Ulcer Disease (PUD) is a gastrointestinal disorder, most often caused by an infection with the Helicobacter pylori bacteria, in which ulcers or open sores form in the inner lining of the stomach and duodenum (the first portion of the small intestine). A thick mucus coating protects the stomach lining from the corrosive effects of digestive fluids. When this protective layer is removed, peptic ulcers may form. In addition to H.pylori, a decrease in the mucus layer may also be caused by drinking, long-term use of certain drugs, and age. Consult specialists at the best gastroenterology hospital in kolkata at the earliest.

  1. Crohn’s Disease

Crohn's disease is a chronic inflammatory digestive disorder that may affect any portion of the gastrointestinal system, from the mouth to the anus. It often affects the ileum (the lowest portion of the small intestine), which becomes ulcerated and inflamed. This ailment, along with ulcerative colitis, belongs to the category of gastrointestinal diseases known as inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Visit best gastroenterology hospital in kolkata for the best treatment.

  1. Ulcerative Colitis

Along with Crohn's disease, ulcerative colitis is one of the two most prevalent inflammatory bowel illnesses (IBD). This diagnosis refers to a set of gastrointestinal (GI) illnesses that induce inflammation. Ulcerative colitis is caused by inflammation of the colon's (large intestine) inner lining, rectum, or both.

  1. Gallstones

Gallstones are solid masses that form in the bile ducts or gallbladder and resemble stones. They may range in size from a grain of sand to a golf ball. The gallbladder is a tiny organ found in the upper right abdominal region. It is responsible for the production, storage, and release of bile, a yellowish-green fluid that assists in fat breakdown. This disorder affects 10 to 15 percent of the general population in the United States. Gallstones often develop when bile has a high concentration of bilirubin and cholesterol, despite the fact that the precise etiology is unknown. Diagnosis at the best gastroenterology hospital in kolkata is made by ultrasound, sometimes guided via endoscopy to better detect small stones.

  1. Acute and Chronic Pancreatitis

Pancreatitis, or inflammation of the pancreas, may affect both children and adults. In acute or chronic forms, it is the most prevalent pancreatic illness and a significant source of morbidity (death). The incidence of pancreatitis has been on the rise for at least the last 20 years and is currently believed to be comparable in adults and children, with around 80 cases per 100,000 of the general population.

The incidence is rising globally, particularly owing to rising rates of obesity and gallstones. The acute type of pancreatitis, an inflammation of the J-shaped organ that secretes digestive enzymes and hormones, arises quickly and lasts for days. Mild instances of acute pancreatitis often resolve on their own, however, severe cases might result in life-threatening consequences. Thus, visit the best gastroenterology hospital in kolkata as soon as possible.

  1. Liver Disease

The liver is the second biggest organ and has several roles in digestion, including digestion, storage of energy, and elimination of waste and toxins from circulation. The phrase liver disease refers to any digestive disease that affect the liver. Liver problems may be life-threatening, so you must visit best gastroenterology hospital in kolkata soon.


Diseases of the gastrointestinal tract include conditions such as gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), diarrhea, and colorectal cancer. Even if there is nothing physically wrong with the gastrointestinal system, a person may nonetheless be suffering from the symptoms of a disease even if it cannot be diagnosed. As a result, it is recommended to visit best gastroenterology hospital in kolkata. There are symptoms associated with other disorders, in addition to apparent anomalies in the gastrointestinal system. The majority of disorders that affect the digestive tract are either treatable or preventable.

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