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common kidney diseases

7 Most Common Kidney Diseases

29th April, 2023

Your kidneys are crucial for overall health. They filter waste, balance fluids, and regulate electrolytes maintain Acid Base Balance. It's essential to understand common kidney diseases to safeguard your well-being. Here are some of the most common kidney diseases and their effect:

1. Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD)

CKD is a long-term condition. It causes a slow decline in kidney function. Diabetes, high blood pressure, and genetics are common causes. Early symptoms are rare. Blood and urine tests help diagnose CKD. Treatment includes managing underlying causes, medication, lifestyle changes, and diet.

2. Kidney Stones

Kidney stones are solid masses made of minerals and salts. They form in the urinary tract and can cause severe pain. If untreated, complications may arise. Imaging tests, like ultrasounds and CT scans, help diagnose kidney stones. Treatments vary from pain management, increased fluid intake, shock wave lithotripsy, to surgery. The best nephrology doctor in Kolkata can offer you the best advice if you are detected with kidney stones. Urologist may help in management.

3. Polycystic Kidney Disease (PKD)

PKD is a hereditary disorder. It causes fluid-filled cysts in the kidneys, leading to kidney enlargement and dysfunction. High blood pressure and kidney failure may occur. Diagnosis involves imaging tests and genetic testing. Treatment includes managing symptoms, medication, and controlling blood pressure.

4. Glomerulonephritis

Glomerulonephritis involves inflammation of the kidney's glomeruli, tiny filtering structures. Autoimmune conditions or infections can cause it. Symptoms include blood or protein in the urine and reduced kidney function. Blood tests, urine tests, and sometimes kidney biopsies diagnose the condition. Treatment depends on the cause, including medication, diet, and possibly dialysis.

5. Kidney Infections (Pyelonephritis)

Bacteria cause kidney infections. They enter the urinary tract and reach the kidneys. Fever, back pain, and frequent urination are common symptoms. Urine tests and sometimes imaging tests help diagnose. Treatment usually involves antibiotics. Severe cases may require hospitalization.

6. Nephrotic Syndrome

Nephrotic Syndrome causes excessive protein leakage into the urine. Diabetes, autoimmune diseases, and certain medications can cause it. Swelling, weight gain, and fatigue are common symptoms. Blood and urine tests help diagnose. Treatment includes medication and dietary changes.

7. Acute Kidney Injury (AKI)

AKI is a sudden decline in kidney function. Decreased blood flow, toxins, or injury can cause it. Symptoms include reduced urine output, fatigue, and shortness of breath. Blood tests, imaging, or kidney biopsies can diagnose. Treatment involves addressing the cause and possibly dialysis.

Final Words

Caring for your kidneys is essential for your overall health. Regular tests and understanding common kidney diseases help ensure early detection and treatment. Stay informed and be proactive in ensuring your well-being. Prioritize kidney care and give your kidneys the attention they deserve by a renowned nephrologist in Kolkata.

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